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Articles and Essays 2021
W48 01 Cover.jpg

ISSN 2692-501X

Cover PDF
Front Matter PDF
Contents PDF
Editors' Preface PDF
History Awards PDF
Phi Alpha Theta PDF
Submission Guidelines PDF


Front Matter


Editors’ Preface

History Awards

Phi Alpha Theta 

Submission Guidelines 

Volume 48 (2021)
Volume 48 (2021)
Welebaethan 2020 PDF
Welebaethan 2020 PDF
Articles and Essays
 Michael Alex Conti 
Vivonia Alexander the Great PDF

 Saint Andrew’s First-Century Prophecy of Division:
The Founding of Kiev and the Idea of the Third Rome 

 Edward Najjarine 
Jang Seek You Wisdom PDF

 Islam Meets Western Modernity:
The Travels of Rifa’a al-Tahtawi (1801-1873) and Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966) 

 Christopher Dean Robbins 
O'Neal English Monumental Brass PDF

 Leaping Devils, Mutated Swine, and Deadly Doubles:
Dark Folklore in Early Victorian England (1830s-1870s) 

 Michaela Malneritch 
Anthony Vice Virtue PDF

 A Morbid Remembrance?
The Purpose of Nineteenth-Century Victorian Death Portraits 

 Diana Chang 
Blaa Costly Mindset PDF

 Rebranding Chile:
Nineteenth-Century Modernization Efforts and Their Consequences 

 Luca Azuma 
Nupen Lingua Yakama PDF

 Cooking the Books and Frying the Economy:
The Discounted Impacts of the Panic of 1866 in the United Kingdom 

 Josh Kreeger 
Robbins Seances Spirits PDF

 “Another town, another maiden”:
German Colonial Postcards as Propaganda (1884-1914) 

 Ian Woodson Fisher 
Fisher Olav Trygvason PDF

 Darius Milhaud
and His French “Saudades” of Brazil (1917-1919) 

 Eric Lomax 
Valencia Chemical Discoveries PDF

 Warriors or Peacekeepers?
British Colonial Police in Ireland (1919-1921) and Palestine (1920-1948) 

 Danielle Bennett 
Quirarte People without a Nation PDF

 “All I wanted was to be a good citizen”:
Fred Lau’s Chinese Diasporic Experience in 1920s-1950s California 

 Raul Quinonez 
Thompson Finkenwalde Years PDF

 A Voluntary Exodus?
Self-Repatriation from the U.S. to Mexico during the 1930s 

Diego Barros 
Castaneda My Wound Is Deeper PDF

The Mighty Ninety:
Black Americans Championing the Cause of Freedom in Republican Spain 

Michael Anderson 
DeLeon Athletic Show of Political Force PDF

Swing Reich:
A Cultural Analysis of Jazz during World War II 

Jovanee Castrejon 
Helget Playing Bachelor PDF

Out-of-This-World Thrills:
The Psychological and Social Aspects of American Astronauts’ Life in Space 

Renee D. Jean 
Fuhr Un Travail Policier PDF

Rejection in the Revolution:
Leninist Theory and the Weather Underground (1969-1974) 

Shanna J. Bice 
Herrera Peace and Love PDF

Enchanted Statues, Candy Cottages, and Bloody Keys:
The Modern Tourist Experience on Germany’s Historical Fairy Tale Road 

Gareth O’Neal 
Herrera Peace and Love PDF

“Ever true unto your forefathers stalwart stay”:
Týr’s Folk Metal as a Neo-Medievalist Response to the Perceived Loss of Culture 

Jeffrey Mark Leavitt 
Herrera Peace and Love PDF

Memories in Emulsion:
Photography and the Remembrance of Japanese Incarceration 

Articles and Essays
Editions 2021
Emanuel Ayala, Luca Azuma, Ryan Bevacqua, and Matthew Kelly 
Landreth and Lopez Edition PDF

Correspondence from the American Revolution and the Early United States:
The Blackden-Stoddard Letters (Conclusion) 

Trenton Buzzone and Jessica Parker 
Kinan, Kreeger-Johnston, Mancillas, and Sampson Edition PDF

“True friendship is the noblest gift“:
The Album of Memory of Jennie Farr (1858-1882) 

Emanuel Ayala and Josh Kreeger 
Doherty and Hamid Edition PDF

“La guerre est finis”:

Sidney Goldman’s World War II Correspondence from Manila (August 1945) 

Erika Victoria 
Robbins and Victoria Edition PDF

The Real Pearl Harbor Experience:

An Interview with World War II Veteran Arthur G. Herriford 

Monique Garcia 
Thomas and Saravia Edition PDF

“I wouldn’t want my kids to go through that”:
Glover Young’s Memories of a Native American Boarding School 

Michael Ward 
Fisher Edition PDF

The Struggles of Segregation in Orange County:
Silvino Ramirez and Mendez v. Westminster (1946-1947) 

Starlina Sanchez 
Riched and Nguyen Edition PDF

A Lifetime of Lessons in Just One Year:
A. Peter Bailey, Malcolm X, and the Organization of Afro-American Unity (1964-1965)

Matthew Kelly and Gabriel Taggard 
Munoz-Ramirez and Romero Edition PDF

Activism and Interactivism:
An Interview with Journalist Mark Thompson (1952-2016)

Reviews 2021
Books (one PDF)
Reviews Books PDF
  • Blondé, Bruno, Marc Boone, and Anne-Laure Van Bruaene, eds.
    City and Society in the Low Countries, 1100–1600.
    Reviewed by Eric Lomax 


  • Domby, Adam H.
    The False Cause: Fraud, Fabrication, and White Supremacy in Confederate Memory.
    Reviewed by Emanuel Ayala 

  • Matyszak, Philip.
    Greece Against Rome: The Fall of the Hellenistic Kingdoms 250-31 BC.
    Reviewed by Ryan Bevacqua 


  • Mikhail, Alan.
    God’s Shadow: Sultan Selim, His Ottoman Empire, and the Making of the Modern World.
    Reviewed by Raumi Kinan 


  • Owens, Susan.
    The Ghost: A Cultural History.
    Reviewed by Laynie Brooks Dabney 


  • Pablo Cruz, Rosayra, and Julie Schwietert Collazo.
    The Book of Rosy: A Mother’s Story of Separation at the Border.
    Reviewed by Monique Garcia 


  • Seo, Sarah A.
    Policing the Open Road: How Cars Transformed American Freedom.
    Reviewed by Jessica Parker 


  • Wilson-Lee, Kelcey.
    Daughters of Chivalry: The Forgotten Children of Edward I.
    Reviewed by Ryan Bevacqua 

Exhibitions (one PDF)
Reviews Exhibitions PDF
  • Double Victory: The African American Military Experience [online exhibition].
    Reviewed by Trenton Buzzone 


  • The Mausoleum Museum of the First Emperor of Qin [online exhibition].
    Reviewed by Erika Victoria 

Films/Documentaries/TV Shows (one PDF)
Reviews Films Documentaries TV Shows PDF
  • All Is True [film]. Directed by Kenneth Branagh.
    Reviewed by Gabriel Taggard 


  • The Assassination of Gianni Versace [TV series]. Directed by Ryan Murphy et al.
    Reviewed by Erika Victoria 


  • Belly of the Beast [documentary film]. Directed by Erika Cohn.
    Reviewed by Starlina Sanchez 


  • Cable Girls/Las chicas del cable [TV series]. Directed by Carlos Sedes et al.
    Reviewed by Josh Kreeger


  • Chernobyl [TV miniseries]. Directed by Johan Renck.
    Reviewed by
    Raumi Kinan 

  • Dark Waters [film]. Directed by Todd Haynes.
    Reviewed by Matthew Kelly 


  • The King [film]. Directed by David Michôd.
    Reviewed by Josh Kreeger 


  • The Last Czars [TV docudrama]. Directed by Adrian McDowall and Gareth Tunley.
    Reviewed by Jessica Parker 


  • Rise of Empires: Ottoman [TV docudrama]. Directed by Emre Şahin.
    Reviewed by Michael Alex Conti 


  • Vienna Blood [TV series]. Directed by Robert Dornhelm and Umut Dag.
    Reviewed by Christopher Dean Robbins 

Games (one PDF)
Reviews Games PDF
  • Deus Lo Vult: The Board Game. Designer: Michael Badelin.
    Reviewed by Gareth O’Neal 


  • A Plague Tale: Innocence. Developer: Asobo Studio.
    Reviewed by Josh Kreeger 


  • Red Dead Redemption 2. Developer: Rockstar Games.
    Reviewed by Emanuel Ayala


  • The Sinking City. Developer: Frogwares.
    Reviewed by
    Christopher Dean Robbins

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