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Articles and Essays 2020
Welebaethan 2020 Cover

ISSN 2692-501X

Cover PDF
Front Matter PDF
Contents PDF
Editors' Preface PDF
History Awards PDF
Phi Alpha Theta PDF
Submission Guidelines PDF


Front Matter


Editors’ Preface

History Awards

Phi Alpha Theta 

Submission Guidelines 

Volume 47 (2020)
Welebaethan 2020 PDF
Articles and Essays
Matthew Vivonia
Vivonia Alexander the Great PDF

Alexander the Great’s “Pirate” Army: 

Terminology, Context, and Legacy

Skyler Jang
Jang Seek You Wisdom PDF

“Seek you wisdom still?”

How the Medieval Viking Seeress Lost Her Voice

Gareth Evan O’Neal
O'Neal English Monumental Brass PDF

“Crosses Crucifixes & other superstitious images”:

The Survival of English Monumental Brasses through Iconoclasm (ca. 1500-ca. 1700)

Kristen Anthony
Anthony Vice Virtue PDF

Vice, Virtue, and the Protection of Property:

Morality in North American Colonial Legislation (ca. 1660-ca. 1740)

Alex Blaa
Blaa Costly Mindset PDF

A Costly Mindset:

British Overconfidence in the Struggle for Florida duringthe American Revolution

Max Nupen
Nupen Lingua Yakama PDF

Lingua Yakama:

Sahaptin Language Education and Cultural Self-Determination

Christopher Dean Robbins
Robbins Seances Spirits PDF

Séances, Spirits, and Societal Transformations:

Spiritualism in Victorian and Edwardian Britain (1865-1910)

Ian Woodson Fisher
Fisher Olav Trygvason PDF

“Olav Trygvason” by Edvard Grieg and Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson:

Viking Identity in Norway’s Romantic Nationalist Movement

Eric Anthony Valencia
Valencia Chemical Discoveries PDF

Chemical Discoveries, Patriotism, and Jewish Identity:

Assessing the German Nobel Laureate Fritz Haber (1868-1934)

Miguel A. Quirarte
Quirarte People without a Nation PDF

A People without a Nation:

Anti-Chinese Campaigns and Violence in Northern Mexico (1900-1940)

Isaiah Colton Thompson
Thompson Finkenwalde Years PDF

The Finkenwalde Years (1935-1937):

Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s Response to Racism in Nazi Germany

Cynthia Castaneda
Castaneda My Wound Is Deeper PDF

My Wound Is Deeper, My Pain Is Greater:

The Impact of Holocaust Memory and al-Nakba Memory on Israeli/Palestinian Tensions

Robert DeLeon
DeLeon Athletic Show of Political Force PDF

An Athletic Show of Political Force:

Cold War Political Influence on the Olympic Games (1952-1984)

Alison Jean Helget
Helget Playing Bachelor PDF

Playing Bachelor:

“Playboy” Magazine and Its Remasculinization Campaign (1950s-1960s)

Zachary Robert Fuhr
Fuhr Un Travail Policier PDF

“Un travail policier?”

Revolutionary War Theory and the French Army in Algeria (1954-1962)

Andrea Herrera
Herrera Peace and Love PDF

Peace and Love? Brilliant!

Capturing the British Essence of the 1960s Counterculture Movement

Articles and Essays
Editions 2020
Shannon Deana Landreth and Anissa Lopez
Landreth and Lopez Edition PDF

Family Matters in Post-Revolutionary War North America:

The Blackden-Stoddard Letters (July 8, 1800, to July 24, 1809)

Raumi Majd Kinan, Joshua Kyle Kreeger-Johnston,
Timothy Joseph Mancillas,
and Sierra Rey Sampson
Kinan, Kreeger-Johnston, Mancillas, and Sampson Edition PDF

“I have mingled extensively with all kinds of people”:

Azariah Ashley Bancroft’s “Recollections” (1880-1884)

Glenn Patrick Doherty and Amer Hamid
Doherty and Hamid Edition PDF

The Drudgery of a Dramatist:

George Bernard Shaw’s Correspondence with Frederick Whelen (1896-1916)

Christopher Dean Robbins and Erika Gabriela Victoria
Robbins and Victoria Edition PDF

A Journey to the Southern Continent:

The Allen C. Thomson Antarctic Expedition Diary (1911-1913)

Michael James Thomas and Christopher Braulio Saravia
Thomas and Saravia Edition PDF

Letters from “Sid” Goldman:

A Tire Technician in World War II (1944-1945)

Ian Woodson Fisher
Fisher Edition PDF

“Magnificent degrees and permutations of variability”:

Letters between Frank Herbert and His Editors (1959-1968)

Amr Mohamed Riched and Nicholas Duy Nguyen
Riched and Nguyen Edition PDF

The Black Question in America and the Pan-African Movement:

An Interview with Trinidadian Intellectual C. L. R. James (1901-1989)

Andres Munoz-Ramirez and Giovanni D. Romero
Munoz-Ramirez and Romero Edition PDF

The Memories of Hortencia Martínez de Benítez (b. 1926):

Struggles and Repercussions of Repatriation to México in the 1930s

Monique Garcia and Isaiah Colton Thompson
Garcia and Thompson Edition PDF

“What is it worth to be a citizen if they can do this to you”:

Oscar Bauman’s Memories of Discrimination during World War II

Reviews 2020
Books (one PDF)
Reviews Books PDF
  • Alexievich, Svetlana.
    Last Witnesses: An Oral History of the Children of World War II.
    Reviewed by Sierra Rey Sampson


  • Biggs, Thomas, and Jessica Blum, eds.
    The Epic Journey in Greek and Roman Literature.
    Reviewed by Clarisse Anne Delima

  • Blight, David W.
    Frederick Douglass: Prophet of Freedom.

    Reviewed by Timothy Joseph Mancillas


  • Boyd, Andrew.
    The Royal Navy in Eastern Waters: Linchpin of Victory 1935-1942.

    Reviewed by Michael James Thomas


  • Ellis, Joseph J.
    American Dialogue: The Founders and Us.

    Reviewed by Ian Woodson Fisher


  • Espinoza, Dionne, María Eugenia Cotera, and Maylei Blackwell, eds.
    Chicana Movidas: New Narratives of Activism and Feminism in the Movement Era.

    Reviewed by Monique Garcia


  • Gilmore, Leigh.
    Tainted Witness: Why We Doubt What Women Say About Their Lives.

    Reviewed by Andrea Young Paik


  • Guiet, Daniel C., and Timothy K. Smith.
    Scholars of Mayhem: My Father’s Secret War in Nazi-Occupied France.

    Reviewed by Sierra Rey Sampson


  • Hochschild, Adam.
    Spain in Our Hearts: Americans in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939.

    Reviewed by Nicholas Duy Nguyen


  • McCullough, David.
    The American Spirit: Who We Are and What We Stand For.

    Reviewed by Amer Hamid


  • Natale, Simone.
    Supernatural Entertainments: Victorian Spiritualism and the Rise of Modern Media Culture.

    Reviewed by Christopher Dean Robbins


  • Reséndez, Andrés.
    The Other Slavery: The Uncovered Story of Indian Enslavement in America.

    Reviewed by Raumi Majd Kinan


  • Sides, Hampton.
    On Desperate Ground: The Marines at the Reservoir, the Korean War’s Greatest Battle.

    Reviewed by Erika Gabriela Victoria


  • Solberg, Mary M., ed.
    A Church Undone: Documents from the German Christian Faith Movement, 1932-1940.

    Reviewed by Isaiah Colton Thompson


  • Terpstra, Nicholas.
    Religious Refugees in the Early Modern World: An Alternative History of the Reformation.

    Reviewed by Glenn Patrick Doherty


  • Tortorici, Zeb.
    Sins against Nature: Sex and Archives in Colonial New Spain.

    Reviewed by Erika Gabriela Victoria


  • Wallace, Patrick F.
    Viking Dublin: The Wood Quay Excavations.

    Reviewed by Shannon Deana Landreth


  • Walpole, Garth.
    Relics of the Franklin Expedition. Edited by Russell Potter.

    Reviewed byChristopher Dean Robbins

  • Zahra, Tara.
    The Great Departure: Mass Migration from Eastern Europe and the Making of the
    Free World.
    Reviewed by Timothy Joseph Mancillas

Exhibitions (one PDF)
Reviews Exhibitions PDF
  • Apollo 11: One Giant Leap for Mankind. Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum. Reviewed by Anissa Lopez

  • Chinese American Museum. Permanent Exhibitions.
    Reviewed by Miguel A. Quirarte


  • Eighteenth-Century Pastel Portraits. The J. Paul Getty Museum.
    Reviewed by Shannon Deana Landreth


  • Lords and Ladies in Black and White. Salz-Pollak Atrium Gallery, Pollak Library.
    Reviewed by Andres Munoz-Ramirez


  • Lost at Sea: The Explorations of Dr. Robert Ballard. Pacific Battleship Center.
    Reviewed by Michael James Thomas

Films/Documentaries/TV Shows (one PDF)
Reviews Films Documentaries TV Shows PDF
  • Babylon Berlin. Seasons 1 and 2. Directed by Henk Handloegten et al.
    Reviewed by Joshua Kyle Kreeger-Johnston


  • Bobby Kennedy for President. Directed by Dawn Porter.
    Reviewed by Giovanni D. Romero


  • The Crown. Seasons 1 and 2. Directed by Philip Martin et al.
    Reviewed by Anissa Lopez


  • Narcos. Seasons 1-3. Directed by Andrés Baiz et al.
    Reviewed by Raumi Majd Kinan


  • Norsemen. Seasons 1 and 2. Directed by Jon Iver Helgaker and Jonas Torgersen.
    Reviewed by Andrea Herrera

  • Taco Chronicles. Directed by Carlos Perez Osorio.
    Reviewed by Christopher Braulio Saravia


  • They Shall Not Grow Old. Directed by Peter Jackson.
    Reviewed by Christopher Dean Robbins


  • Viking. Directed by Andrey Kravchuk.
    Reviewed by Andrew Christian Cordes


  • Yesterday. Directed by Danny Boyle.
    Reviewed by Amer Hamid

Games (one PDF)
Reviews Games PDF
  • Hearts of Iron IV. Developer: Paradox Development Studio.
    Reviewed by Amr Mohamed Riched


  • Kingdom Come: Deliverance. Developer: Warhorse Studios.
    Reviewed by Joshua Kyle Kreeger-Johnston


  • Sekiro: Shadows Die Twice. Developer: FromSoftware.
    Reviewed by Christopher Braulio Saravia


  • Total War: Three Kingdoms. Developer: Creative Assembly.
    Reviewed by Amr Mohamed Riched

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